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中考复习英语作文专练  

2011-04-06 16:07:22|  分类: 书面表达 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考复习英语作文专练

 

分析近几年中考题,今年中考考提示性作文的可能性较大。什么是提示性作文?提示性作文:就是给出一个标题或无标题,给出具体的内容,规定一定的字数,让考生写出作文。由于这类作文已经规定了文章的中心思想和主要内容,因此考生可以不再列出提纲,只要把注意力集中在如何正确、完整地用英文词句表达出中心思想和内容就可以了。写好提示性作文应注意的事项1、仔细审题,明确要求。对所给信息反复阅读,弄清这个题目要表达什么,然后对所给信息进行整理、组织,按照自己的写作思路使之条理化。2、确保语言精炼。在写作过程中,考生应时刻提醒自己按照已给出的信息点去写,不必有太多的发挥。但也不必按照信息点去逐句翻译。用自己熟悉的短语、句型去体现要点。掌握好文章的长度,不要字数过多或过少。

[例题分析]

  根据中文提示和英文提示词语,写一篇意思连贯、符合逻辑的短文。所给英文提示词语必须用上。字数60~70左右。

  1、昨天晚上我和妈妈出去散步。2、在路上我遇到了一个外国人。3、他向我询问去温泉饭店(the Hot Spring Hotel)的路。  4、我告诉他沿着路往前走,在第三个转弯处向左拐就能看见饭店。  5、他非常感谢我,我也为能帮他而感到高兴。提示词语:go out for a walk, on the road, the way to, walk along, on the left, thank for, be happy that

写作指导:根据提示我们了解到这是一篇记叙文,所以考生应马上想到时间(yesterday evening),地点(on the road),人物(I, my mother and a foreigner),事件(how to show the way)。其次观察信息点,我们确定这篇文章应用过去式来表达。然后,确定这个事件应用第一人称来叙述。最后,按照信息点合理组织文章,别忘用上提示词语。(例文)

Yesterday evening, I went out for a walk with my mother. On the road, we met a foreigner. He asked me the way to the Hot Spring Hotel. I told him to walk along the road and take the third turning on the left, then he could see the hotel. He thanked me very much for my help. I was very happy that I could help him.

一、关于介绍家庭成员及人物描写的话题

A

There are four people in my family, my parents, my bother and I. My family is pretty good. I’m really happy.

My brother is shy and funny. He is good at sports and does well in volleyball. But he hates studying and his grades are bad. He like telling jokes. He always plays jokes on his friends and my family, and always makes us laugh.

My father is a doctor. He works in a hospital of Sanya. He doesn’t like watching TV, but he likes reading newspaper and read it every night.

My mother is a waitress. She works in a restaurant. She has good habits. She likes eating vegetables and drinking milk every day. But I don’t like milk. It is awful. She likes watching Beijing Opera at free time. She says it’s good for her to keep young and it can make her relaxed.

My families are always doing what is best for me. They are always on my side.

I love each person in my family. I love my sweet warm home.

(我的家有4个人:我的父母,我的哥哥,和我.我的家庭很棒,我很快乐.

我的哥哥害羞而有趣.他很擅长运动并且在排球运动上犹为突出.但他不喜欢学习并且成绩不好.他喜欢讲笑话,经常和朋友和家人开玩笑并且总能使我们发笑.

我的父亲是一位医生.他在三亚的一家医院工作.他不喜欢看电视,但他很喜欢看报纸并且总是看到很晚.

我的母亲是一位侍者.她在一家餐厅工作.她有良好的习惯.她喜欢每天吃蔬菜和喝牛奶,但我不喜欢牛奶,它遭透了.空闲时间她喜欢看京剧,她说那有利于她保持年轻并且可以使她放松.

我的家人总是做一切对我有利的事.他们总是站在我这边.

我喜欢我的每一个家庭成员,我喜欢这个温暖的家.)

B

根据提示写一篇“My English Teacher”

Name: Mr. King      Age: 31       Years of teaching: 10

Hobby: playing sports, watching TV, reading .

Relation with his students: strict, kind, patient.

评论:teacher, friend

My English Teacher

  Mr. King is our English teacher. He is 31 years old. He became a teacher 10 years ago.

He likes playing sports, so he is very strong. He likes reading and watching TV and he has good knowledge. All of us love to listen to his class because he has a good way to make his lessons interesting. Mr King is kind to us, but very strict with us in our studies. He is patient, too. He is a good teacher and also a good friend. We all love him very much .

C

写一篇题为“我们的班长”的短文,词数100—120。简况如下。

1.她叫李敏,个子高,身体好,很活泼。她各科成绩都好,喜欢体育活动,又能歌善舞。2.她刚进校时,在英语学习上遇到不少困难。但她不怕苦,不怕难,努力把英语学好。3.她严于律己,乐于助人,是大家学习的好榜样。

Our Monitor

  Li Min is our monitor. She is tall, healthy and lively. She does well in all subjects. She is fond of sports and is good at singing and dancing.

  Li Min works hard at English. When she came to the school, she had quite a lot of difficulties with the language. But she was not afraid of them and always tried hard to overcome them. She was active in class and did a lot of practice after class. No pains, no gains.With great efforts she made much progress in English study.

  Li Min is modest and always ready to help others. She is very strict with herself in her work and daily life. She sets us all a fine example.

D

假如你叫吴闻,想应聘学校的学生导游,今年署假陪同即将来校访问的美国朋友参观襄樊。要求你用英语写一篇短文向学校推荐自己。


姓名

吴闻

班级

九(4)班

性格特征

大胆、开朗、随和

爱好特长

看英语小说、打篮球、旅游、交友

相关经历

2007年在全校英语竞赛中获第一名

联系方式

mmwuwen@163.com


    要求:1、短文内容必须包括以上要点,语意连贯、句式规范、字迹工整,可以适当发挥;2、词数:90词左右;3、文中不得出现真实的地名和人名。

My name is Wu Wen. I’m in Class 4, Grade 9. I’m very brave, outgoing and easygoing. I like traveling and making friends a lot. My favorite sport is basketball and I am very good at it. I enjoy reading English novels well. In 2007 I won the fist price in the school English competition.

I really want to be a student guide for the American friends. I’d like to show them around our school and visit Xiangfan.

My e-mail address is mmwuwen@163.com.

二、关于英语学习的话题

A

How to learn English well?

English is one of the most important languages in the world. It’s necessary to learn it well .How do you study? Everyone learns English in different ways. The best way to improve your English is to improve your English skills. They are listening , speaking , reading and writing. We should practice them every day. It’s very good for you if you are interested in English . You will find studying English is interesting and helpful. One more thing, remember “Practice makes perfect”!

B

根据提示,写一篇短文(100个词左右)。

假如你英语学得很好,请你在英语班会上介绍一下学习英语的体会。 1. 简况:学习英语已有3年多。起初觉得英语难学,发音不好,单词拼不准确,不会语法规则,后来,在老师和同学们的帮助下取得了很大进步。 2. 体会:要在短时间内获得最佳的学习效果,非下苦功夫不可。课内外要多听、多说、多读和多写。3. 建议:对同学提出适当建议,以供他们学习参考。

How to learn English well

It is more than three years since I began to study English.At first I found it quite difficult.I couldn’t pronounce well,spell the words correctly or remember the rules of grammar. With the help of my teachers and classmates,I have made much progress.Now I am getting on well with my English.

Three years’ study has taught me that one cannot learn English well without hard work.We must do m ore listening and speaking both in and out of class.And do more reading and writing as well. That is “Practice makes perfect”.

So,in my opinion,we should work hard at English.That’s the most important thing. And we should also practise using it as much as possible.

C

How to learn Chinese?

  Let me tell you how to learn Chinese. I think you may go to Chinese classes. Make Chinese friends and talk with them. You can listen to the radio or watch TV. You’d better read more Chinese stories. You should have a dictionary. It’s very useful. When you have difficulties in learning, you can ask Chinese teachers or friends for help. Chinese is not very difficult. I think you can learn it well.

三、校园及家庭生活

A

My School Life

My school life is very interesting. I usually get up at a quarter past six. After washing face, I read English about half an hour. I think it’s a good habit. I always go to school by bike, eat lunch at school and have a short sleep in the classroom. The classes always end at about 5 o’clock. After school, we often play basketball or do some sports on the playground happily. I go home at about five forty. After supper, I watch TV for a while, Then I finish my homework. I go to bed at about 9: 30.

 B、回顾初中三年成长过程,你一定有很多感受,从学习, 生活,爱好等方面作出自我评价 (毕业回顾评价)

I have studied in my middle school for three years. I have learned a lot. I have learned not only how to make friends but also how to talk to others. I have many hobbies. I like sports. I often play basketball, football and volleyball with my friends. Football is my favorite. Of all my subjects, I do best in English and Chinese. But my math and physics are a little weak. I think I will try my best to learn them well. I hope I can study in No.1 High School.

C

中学生学习时间长、压力大,专家建议学生每天课后应采取适当的方式放松自己。某英文报“学生习作”专栏正在就“学生适当的放松方式”这一话题进行征文。假设你是二十二中九(3)班的班长,最近你对班上同学课后放松方式进行了调查。请根据表格提供的调查信息和要求写一篇短文向该报投稿。


对 象

二十二中九(3)班

人 数

60人(男:31人;女:29人)

常用放松方式

1.看电视(30人) 2.玩电脑游戏(12人) 3.听音乐(8人) 4.进行体育锻炼(5人) 5.没有时间放松(5人)

你的观点

哪一种(些)放松方式是适当的? 为什么?


注意:1.短文包括对调查相关信息的介绍和你自己的观点; 2.词数:80-100。题目和开头已为你写好,不记入总词数。

The right way(s) for students to relax

I am the monitor of Class3, Grade9, No.22 Middle School. Recently I have made a survey of the students in my class on ways to relax after class. 

There are 60 students in my class(31 boys and 29 girls ).Different students have different ways to relax. Half of the students often watch TV. 12 students like to play computer games while 8 enjoy listening to music.5 students think doing sports is a good way and another five are busy to relax.

    (As we study too long every day, every student should choose right ways to relax. In my opinion, watching TV or playing computer games is not a right way to help us relax.)I think taking exercise is a good way because it can rest our brains and eyes. Besides, It can help improve our health.(Therefore, I often Play ping pong after class. It’s really helpful to both my health and my study.)

D

俗话说“国有国法,家有家规。”为了使子女身心健康、顺利成长,使家庭成员之间的关系更融洽、更和诣,每个家庭都会有这样或那样的家庭规矩。比如:必须按时回家,不准打电子游戏等。请结合家庭的实际情况,根据下面的提示和要求,以“My Family Rules”为题,写一篇短文。

提示:1、家里有哪些家规;2、对家规的感受;3、对父母的建议。

要求:必须包括提示内容,可以适当发挥;2、词数:90词左右;3、文中不得出现真实的地名和人名。

My Family Rules

My parents are very strict with me, and they have made come basic rules which I must obey. Firstly, I must finish my homework in time. Secondly, I cannot play computer games, even in my free time or on weekends. Thirdly, I have to do some chores, such as making the bed and tidying my bedroom and so on. If I break one of them, I will be punished (处罚).But thanks to these rules. I can live a healthy and regular(规律的)life.

I think the second rule is unfair to me. I hope sometimes I could be allowed to play computer games for a while, it will make me relaxed.

D

假如你是一名九(3)班的的学生,经常为看电视的事跟妈妈闹意见,今天你和妈妈达成了一致。请根据下表格的内容,以“An Agreement”为题写一篇100字左右的英语短文。


母亲

儿子

九年级学生学习任务重,看电视浪费时间。

学习一天很疲劳,看电视可以放松一下。

儿子自制力差,看电视会影响学习,长期看电视会影响视力。

看电视也可以增长知识,开阔眼界,紧跟时代。

上学期间不看电视,但在周末可以看新闻、体育或科普类节目。


注意:1、短文的开头已给出,不计入总数;2、不要漏掉表格中的内容,可充分发挥合理的想象,适当增加细节使短文意思通畅;3、可适当增添合乎情理的过渡性语言。

   I am a student of Class Three, Grade Nine. I often quarrel with my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. My mother holds the view that students in Grade Nine are too busy to spare any time to watch TV. It seems to her that once I am allowed to do that, I’ll not be able to control myself and forget all about my study. She also thinks that it is bad for my eyes to watch TV too often. But I really can’t accept her ideas. I think it is a relaxation to watch TV after a day’s hard work.. Not only can it set my mind at rest, but watching TV can open my eyes. Now we’ve at last reached an agreement that I can only watch TV on weekends, and the programs should be limited to news, program on sports or science.

四、我与奥运

A、北京将举办2008年奥运会,做为一个初中生你将为奥运做些什么作为一个学生或中国人,你能为2008 奥运会做些什么?

  Everyone knows that there is a very important sports meeting in the world called the Olympic Games. It’s held once every four years.

  The twenty-ninth Olympic Games will be held in Beijing . 2008 is coming. Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. More and more foreign friends will come to China. As a Chinese student, I should be friendly to them. At first, English is very important for me. I should learn English well so that I can help foreign visitors. Improving our environment is also important. I should behave well. We can plant more trees and flowers. The more , the better. I am sure Beijing will be much nicer in 2008.  Welcome to Beijing , welcome to China.

I hope I can go to Beijing to watch the 2008 Olympics. I wish the 29th Olympic Games will be held successfully!

B、2008年奥运会我要做一名志愿者

I want to be a volunteer of Beijing Olympic Games. I realized the time flies. I must study English very hard. Because English is very useful and it is very important. And to be a volunteer of the Olympic Games is good for myself too. I can make some friends from different countries and learn more about sport, about Olympic. But the first thing to prepare this is study hard, I am confident I will to be a good volunteer and I will show the world: Our country and our cities are so perfect in the world.

C、北京奥运会期间,有一大批外国人来北京参观。假设你是导游,请根据以下内容,向外宾简单介绍北京的情况。 要求: 1. 100 词左右; 2. 要点包括: a. 有悠久的历史b. 有许多名胜古迹

Ladies and gentlemen,(女士们、先生们)

Welcome to Beijing, now let me introduce Beijing to you.(欢迎到北京,我来介绍北京给大家。)

Beijing is a city with a long history. It is in the north of China. It has a population of 13,240,000.(北京是一个历史悠久的城市,它位于中国的北部,人口13.240.000)

There are many places of interest in Beijing, such as the Summer Palace and so on.(北京有很多名胜古迹,象颐和园等等。) The Great Wall is a beautiful place.(长城是个漂亮的地方)There is a saying that he who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. (有句谚语说:不到长城非好汉)The water in Miyun is clean and not polluted. (密云水库的水很干净没有受污染。)There are all kinds of fish in it. (里边有各种各样的鱼。)You can go boating, go fishing and have a picnic there.(那里你可以划船、钓鱼或者野炊) It is really a good place to spend your holiday.(那里真是个度假的好地方。)Besides, you can go and visit Beijing Museum. (此外,你还可以去游览北京博物馆。)There you can see a lot of dinosaur eggs.(那里你可以看到很多恐龙蛋和化石。)I hope you can enjoy yourselves in Beijing.(我希望大家在北京玩得开心快乐。)

Thank you.(谢谢)

五、关于环境保护的话题

A、

Our environment is very important for our lives. We need the fresh air, the clean water and so on . In the past, there were many trees around us ,the air was fresh and the river was clean. But now, people cut down many trees. Air pollution and water pollution are very serious . The environment around us becomes very terrible. We should protect our environment. Firstly, we should plant many trees to keep water. Secondly , we can ride a bike or walk to the school and work.. Thirdly , we shouldn’t throw the dirty water into the river . Fourth, we shouldn’t use the plastic bags. Finally, we can ask more people to join us.

B、节约用水、保护水的作文:

The most important problem in the world today is  pollution .(当今世界最重要的话题就是污染问题。)It’s our duty to save water(节约水是我们每个人的责任。)As we know , water is very important to man, (我们知道,水对人类来说是非常的重要。)we can’t live without water. (没有水我们就不能生存。)The amount of water which is suitable to drink is less and less. (适合人类喝的水是越来越少了。)But some people don’t care about it .(但是有些人却不关心或不在意。)They waste a lot of water in their daily life. (日常生活中他们浪费很多水。)Even worse, they pour dirty water in to rivers.(更糟糕的是他们排放污水到河流里。) They throw rubbish into rivers , too. (他们还乱扔垃圾到河流理去。)Many rivers and lakes are seriously polluted.(很多河流湖泊已经受到严重污染。) Something must be done to stop the pollution. (人类必须采取一些措施来制止污染。)Only in this way can we live happily.(只有这样我们才生活的幸福)If we don’t save water, the last drop of water will be a tear-drop of us.( 如果我们不节约水,那么最后一滴水也许会是我们人类的眼泪)

C、如何保护环境(How to Protect the Environment)

  Good environment can make people feel happy and fit . To improve the environment means to improve our life. We should plant more trees and flowers around us . We shouldn’t cut them down . We should stop factories from pouring waste water into the river and waste gas into the air. Whenever we see litter on the ground , we should pick it up and throw it into dustbins. Never spit in public. Don’t draw on public walls. It’s our duty to protect the environment.

六、健康生活

 A、健康一直是人们关注的问题,请根据下表以健康为题,谈谈你的看法


保持健康的重要性

保持健康的方法

保持健康的结论

(你的看法?)

1.多吃水果蔬菜,保持饮食平衡,避免含糖高,脂肪高的食物2.多锻炼,健身强体;3.鄙弃不良习惯

(你的看法?)


Health is far more important than wealth. Good health let us enjoy our life. ,But poor health leads to nothing.

How can we keep healthy Here is some advice. First, it is very important for us to take more fruits and vegetables because they provide vitamins, and we have to keep a balanced diet. Second, we'd better exercise every day to make our bodies strong. Finally, we have to give up bad habits, such as drinking and smoking.

If we stick to the advice given above, we will ha e a healthy life.

B、怎样保持健康的身体(How to Keep Healthy)

  As we know, keeping healthy is important to us. But what should we do to keep healthy?

  First, we should get up early. we should eat healthy food, drink a lot of water and do more exercise. Food can give us energy. Doing exercise can make us strong. Second, we should change clothes often, wash hands often, keep the air fresh and clean and do house cleaning often to stop germs (细菌)from getting into our bodies. You shouldn’t keep long fingernails (指甲). At last, we should go to see a doctor at once if we don’t feel well.

C、2007年4月29日,全国亿万学生阳光体育运动正式启动。为此,襄樊市教育局专门下文件,规定在校学生每天体育活动时间不得低于一小时。你校为使活动安排更科学、合理,更具针对性,向全体学生征求意见。假如你叫王宁,请你就活动安排时的时间、地点、形式等用英语向学校提一些合理化的建议。

要求:1、文中不得出现真实的校名和人名。2、语意连贯、句式规范、字迹工整,可以适当发挥;3、词数:90词左右,开头、结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear sir,

  I’m glad to hear that we will have sports for an hour every day. Learning is very important but health is also important. Without good health, we can’t study well. So I think we can go to the playground after two classes every afternoon. We can play basketball, football, table tennis, and we can also go running, jumping and so on. Boys and girls can choose their favourite sports, and join different sports clubs. If possible, we can hold all kinds matches between classes.

  If we keep doing like these, we’ll become stronger and study better.

  Best wishes!

Yours,

Wang Ning

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